Throughout the Medieval era, Saturnia suffered atrocities at the hands of the Saraceni and the Senesi. Finally, in 1500, peace was restored when the Granducato di Toscana, of the Medici family, became governor until the town was annexed by Kingdom of Italy.
Archaeological and Architectural Remains
Much evidence of Saturnia’s history can be found amongst the various visible remains, namely: the Area Archeologica Urbana, the walls, the four wall entrances including the well-preserved Porta Romana, the Acquarum castle, and the Bagno Secco.
Saturnia’s Roman walls have been restored and rebuilt by the Senesi population in the 16th century. The archaeological museum is home to a number of items dating back to Etruscan times, as well as from the Neolithic and Bronze ages.